Cultural Competency Essay
In the nursing context, cultural competency occurs when culturally-sensitive care is offered as a necessity toward the attainment of equitable, accessible and patient-centered nursing practice. Borrego and Johnson (2017) emphasized that culturally-competent care takes into consideration the greater need for upholding inclusivity and respecting diversity in cultural factors and in the patient population. Therefore, culturally competency occurs when qualified health practitioners and organizations are able to offer culturally-appropriate services in healthcare and health in general.
What can one do to become culturally aware?
Undertaking culturally competency training can help one to become culturally care. Borrego and Johnson (2017) commented that access to educational programs aimed at equipping healthcare providers with a set of cultural competencies can help to raise multicultural awareness, promote cultural diversity and inclusivity and boost the cultural intelligence of both individuals and groups. Therefore, adopting the appropriate types of cultural competence training can enable individuals to become culturally-aware and sensitive.
Describe an effective approach to using The Purnell Model when working with subcultures
An effective approach when using the Purnell model of cultural competence can include the promotion of cultural sensitivity. Chandran (2017) established that cultural sensitivity is one of the key elements of the Purnell Model, and can be applied as an evidence-based approach by healthcare practitioners working with culturally-diverse patient populations. Cultural sensitivity is about demonstrating better understanding and genuine appreciation of the diversity exhibited by another person or persons. Moreover, Purnell (2020) indicated that the delivery of culturally-sensitive care is aimed at dissolving racial and ethical issues that have often undermined the ability of health institutions to provider patient-centered care by responding to the distinct needs of all patients, regardless of identifiable particularities. When working with subcultures, the development of intercultural competence is highly required to enhance the ability of professionals to identify and respond to the distinct needs (social, linguistic, cultural) and demands of each subculture.
Borrego, E., & Johnson, R. G. (2017). Cultural competence in health care. Cultural Competence for Public Managers, 253-271. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315095219-13
Chandran, S. (2017). Larry D Purnell: Purnell’s model for cultural competence. Application of Nursing Theories, 219-219. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp/books/13072_2
Purnell, L. D. (2020). The Purnell model and theory for cultural competence. Textbook for Transcultural Health Care: A Population Approach, 19-59. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51399-3_2
How does cultural competency occur? What can one do to become culturally aware? Describe an effective approach to using The Purnell Model when working with subcultures (immigration status, gender, political beliefs, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, educational status, etc.